New cargo handling facilities are being developed throughout the Scandinavian region to provide additional capacity for bulk, general cargo, container and ro-ro ships.
As new terminal facilities are being developed across the region, Gothenburg and Norrköping in Sweden, Grenaa in Denmark, Husøy in Norway and Finland’s Kokkola port complex are among the ports with the most ambitious projects in place.
At Sweden’s east coast port of Norrköping, the Swedish Land and Environment Court recently approved the authority’s plan to modernise and expand its existing Pampus Harbour complex.
“Now we can start extending the port, which will make it possible to take care of increasing cargo volumes and to handle bigger vessels, as well as make manufacturing in the port more effective,” explained Henrik Åkerström, CEO of the port.
He hopes that dredging and reclamation work will commence in early 2019, with completion of the project targeted for 2023. It will result in an additional 80,000 to 120,000 m2 of storage areas being developed, a deeper and wider turning basin being created, and 200-300m of additional quay being built. Breakbulk, including forest products and steel, and containers will be the main cargoes processed at the new terminal.
In addition to the port’s Pampus project and as part of the port authority’s decision to shift cargo handling activities away from the inner harbour, its Öhman multipurpose cargo terminal is being revamped.
To date, an existing warehouse has been demolished, additional storage space created for handling bulk cargoes, including coal, salts and fertilisers, and a higher output electricity substation built. The Öhman terminal also features covered warehousing and silos for the storage of grain.
The port of Grenaa in Denmark is also improving and modernising its existing facilities as it seeks to increase its throughput capacity, put in place equipment that is better suited to handling larger vessels, and improve its service offerings to its customers.
A key purchase has been a Sennebogen 875 materials handler, which Thies Gisselbaek, the port’s business development manager, said was needed as the existing machine (a Sennebogen 860) was too small. The new mobile crane can lift up to 166t and its jib has an outreach of 27m, which gives it additional operating flexibility. To accompany this acquisition, three grabs with the capacity to pick up 50% more cargo have also been acquired.
The executive described as “strategic” the development of the two new bulk warehouses, which will increase the port’s storage capacity by 26,000 m3 . Gisselbaek explained: “Bulk is a strategic focus and investment area for us, and the new warehouses are in 100% compliance with the demands of the bulk market today. At the same time, they will allow us to handle new bulk products.”
Specifically, the new warehouses have been designed to support the handling of 10,000 to 15,000 grt type vessels, and to give the port a better opportunity to attract cargoes such as grain, animal feed, wood pellets and other agricultural commodities.
“We are gearing up the port to handle this type of bulk because we are seeing an increasing demand for it,” he said. “The two new warehouses interact with other investments that enable us to handle bulk cargoes in an efficient manner.”
Both warehouses are expected to be operational by the end of February 2019, and longterm user contracts for them have already been agreed.
In Norway, the Karmsund Port Authority (KPA) is currently spending over NOK300M (US$35M) on expanding Haugesund Cargo Terminals (HCT) in the port of Husøy. This will result in an extended quay line being developed with draughts alongside of 17m, giving HCT the opportunity to handle ships of up to 100,000 dwt. It is hoped that this phase of development will be finished by the end of 2020.
Recently, KPA confirmed that it was purchasing for €3.6M an LHM 550 mobile harbour crane (MHC) from Liebherr. The crane will have a lifting capacity 154t and it will be delivered in April 2019. It will give HCT additional operating flexibility and should raise productivity levels at the facility as the MHC will be capable of servicing all of the port’s cargoes, including dry bulk commodities.
It is likely that more MHCs will be purchased, as the KPA has options with Liebherr on four more units. And the KPA is already looking beyond this capital investment programme, with reports suggesting that it has earmarked NOK1.3B for a range of additional projects at HCT that it hopes to complete by 2028. Currently, the KPA’s facilities handle about 13 Mtpa of cargo.
In Finland, work is in progress to deepen the access channel at the port of Kokkola, which is one of the country’s most important gateways when it comes to handling mined products, particularly coal. It also processes significant volumes of transit cargo to/from Russia.
While its Deep Port complex features very good infrastructure, including 1,100m ofquay, 26.4-ha of open storage area, 35,000 m2 of new covered warehousing and some of the largest cranes in Finland, including 50t Capesize units, it is finding that an increasing number of Panamax and Capesize ships services are not able to load to their full potential. This is because of draught limitations in the channel.
Consequently, the Finnish Transport Agency and the Port of Kokkola are working together in dredging the channel so that safe clearance depths in the outer and inner harbour areas of the port are deepened to 16.2m and 15.7m, respectively. Effectively, it means vessels drawing 14m of water will be able to call. Previously the safe draught was 13m.
Navigational aids in the channel are also being improved as part of the €60Mplus project, which is expected to be completed in 2020. In the period up to the end of October this year, Kokkola had handled 5.57 Mt of cargo, a rise of 1.6% on the previous year.